Turbocharger vs Supercharger–
The main difference between a Turbocharger and a Supercharger is that the Turbocharger is driven by the exhaust gas of an engine, whereas The supercharger is directly driven by the engine through a belt drive. To understand the Difference Between Turbocharger and Supercharger it is essential to first know what is a Turbocharger and a Supercharger. First, take a look at what is the turbocharger and supercharger-
|The turbocharger is not connected directly to the engine.
|The supercharger is a direct connection with the engine through a belt.
|It has smog-altering equipment that lowers carbon emissions.
|The supercharger does not have a wastegate. So the smog emits from a supercharger.
|It uses exhaust gas for its energy.
|It is a connected crankshaft of the engine for its energy.
|The spinning rate is 15000 RPM
|The spinning rate is 50000 RPM.
|This is a device consisting of both the turbine and compressor mounted on the same shaft.
|This is a compressor.
|It does not need any extra power.
|Here in the supercharger extra power is to be supplied.
|It drew power from exhaust gases.
|It drew power from the engine.
|It takes time to spin up to the speed hence there is lag.
|Here no lag. Power delivers immediately.
|Higher speed achieved.
|Greater acceleration is achieved.
|This is costly.
|This is cheap.
|More efficient because it draws power from exhaust gases.
|A supercharger is less efficient.
|Suitable for an engine with higher displacement.
|Suitable for an engine with lower displacement.
|Turbos won’t start operating until a sufficient amount of exhaust gases is produced.
|Superchargers start working as soon as the engine starts.
|Here a compressor is rotated by the turbine.
|The compressor is rotated by the engine crankshaft through a belt.
|This is more complex.
|but this one is less complex.
|The intercooler is required here to lower the temperature of compressed air.
|The chances of the requirement of the intercooler are negligible. But some time is needed.
|The compressed air has a high temperature in the turbocharger.
|The compressed air has a low temperature in the supercharger.
|This is less reliable.
|This is more reliable.