Automotive safety is the most important topic to talk about nowadays. In the rapid increase of automotive vehicles, safety is the main reason to protect humans and the goods present in automotive vehicles. In this article, I will discuss the details of the 10 Automotive safety features that you should need to know.
Automotive safety refers to the measures, technologies, and practices implemented to reduce accidents and save the goods and the passengers. Automotive safety does not only meet the after-accident result but it also needs to protect the vehicle from being hit by something. So, technological measurements over mechanical measurements are now very much important.
In recent times, there are AI technologies have been introduced to automotive vehicles to break down the accident rate. All the technologies work over the electrical signals coming from the sensors. So, this precise movement and the distance over collision time have now improved over time.
In the 1930s seatbelts are introduced by the manufacturers. But in the late 1960s, seat belts are applied on cars. A lot of car manufacturers refuse to take this seat belt as a serious component. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has served and presented the report that most car collisions have been reduced by applying the advanced features.
Automotive Safety: 10 Safety Features
So there are advanced features are introduced to stop and prevent collisions. These advanced automotive features-
- Forward Collision Avoidance System (FCAS)
- Anti-lock Braking System(ABS)
- Traction Control System(TCS)
- Lane Keeping Assist
- Adaptive Cruise Control
- Blind Spot Detection
- Rear Cross Traffic Alert (RCTA)
- Driver Monitoring System (DMS)
- Adaptive Headlights
So all the details of these safety measures are discussed below.
Seatbelts were invented in the late 19s, but the automotive vehicle manufacturers refused to use them as the prime safety component. In the 1960s, airbags seatbelts protect the driver and the co-driver. As the degradation grows, then these airbags get the primary focus from each manufacturer.
Seatbelts are also important to activate the Airbag system in the vehicle. After the years these airbags are used in the various cones of a vehicle to protect the insiders from various angles. there is the upgrade that, if the vehicle detects the collision then it will automatically activate the airbags just before the collision to reduce the impact of the accident.
2. Forward Collision Avoidance System (FCAS)
In a vehicle, the collision happens due to the inappropriate behavior of the roads or the drivers. This forward collision avoidance system helps to stop the vehicle immediately before getting hit. A sensor is used in front of the vehicle to detect the behavior of your vehicle and the distance of forward space.
If the vehicle goes at an abnormal speed and something has come into the reader of the sensor then this would give an alarm to the dashboard and also apply the brake. The steering system is also connected to this system to steer the vehicle in emergencies.
This system is fully controlled by the sensors, so all the work is done precisely. The changing of the momentum can cause the vehicle to roll on, to reduce that roll-on sensors are also installed to detect the tilt of the vehicle.
3. Anti-lock Braking System(ABS)
Anti-lock braking is the most advanced braking system in automotive vehicles. The ABS has come with 2-channel or 4-channel. ABS helps to detect the vehicle’s braking effort on the slippery surface and also helps to control the skid of the vehicle.
A vehicle with ABS systems has better and safer braking effort. The brakes are applied mechanically but are operated by the ABS modules. In the ABS module, there are sensors installed to detect the vehicle speed, stopping distance, and the wheels rolling over the road. This ABS helps to control the vehicle to make the perfect transition to the road even on slippery surfaces.
4. Traction Control System(TCS)
TCS helps the vehicle to make even contact with the road and maintain stability during acceleration during wheel spin. TCS controls the vehicle dynamics with the help of wheel speed sensors, steering angle sensors, and yaw sensors. TCS first helps detect which wheel is moving freely rather than the other rotating at different speeds.
Some of the advanced TCS system helps to detect the throttle response of the vehicle to make contact with the wheels on the road. This also helps for better acceleration of the vehicle. By detecting the traction, this system also helps the vehicle to maintain the steering stability.
5. Lane Keeping Assist
Lane Keeping Assist helps to maintain the vehicle running in a straight line on the highways or in crowded areas. It detects the edge of the road and the distance of the side part of the vehicle to the other lane roads. It also prevents to make the steering changes to right or left.
This system works with the data from the camera of the vehicle’s position on the road with the lane. In some of the cars, this sensor also helps to steer the vehicle gently to prevent any collision or hazards. A driver can manually stop and switch off the system when you drive a construction area or road blockage case.
6. Adaptive Cruise Control
Adaptive cruise control helps the vehicle control the vehicle to run on the road at a certain speed and maintain a certain distance from the vehicle ahead. This system uses radar to detect the vehicle or the substance ahead and controls or changes the lane according to that.
A driver can set a perimeter to their vehicle such as speed, distance, or the lane. The vehicle acts according to that parameter and assists the vehicle to move on the road. ACC can also apply brakes to save the vehicle from any damage.
7. Blind Spot Detection
Blind spot detection or BSD helps the driver detect or wake the driver for unconditional substances that are not visible to the eyes. BSD uses the radar or the ultrasonic device to detect the movement of any substance or any moving object.
The warning signal can be in the form of visual alerts, such as an indicator light in the side mirrors or on the dashboard, or audible alerts, such as a chime or beep. This system helps to prevent any unconditional damage to the vehicle.
8. Rear Cross Traffic Alert (RCTA)
When the vehicle moves backward for parking or any other situation, the vision behind is limited, so this sensor helps to detect the upcoming object near the vehicle. The sensor helps the vehicle detect the object coming towards and alert the driver. In some vehicles, this system also applies brakes to prevent any collision.
The system uses a camera that guides the driver to park or reverse the vehicle properly. In the reverse gear, the vehicle needs proper guidance to the different substances, so this vehicle can help to control the edges to control or stop any damage.
9. Driver Monitoring System (DMS)
DMS system helps the driver to sleep or any unconscious moments that can lead to an accident or any damage to the vehicle. This system uses a camera inside the cabin with an infrared sensor to detect the driver’s behavior. It monitors the head position, heartbeat rate, eye tracking, and even biometric data.
If the DMS determines that the driver’s attention is waning or that they may be impaired, it generates a warning to alert the driver. This warning can be in the form of visual alerts, such as warning lights or messages on the dashboard, audible alerts, such as a chime or beep, or haptic feedback, such as vibrations in the seat or steering wheel.
10. Adaptive Headlights
This system uses sensors such as weather, and steering angle to position the light according to that, to make a clear and visible road. One of the key features of adaptive headlights is their ability to illuminate the road around corners as the driver steers.
These adaptive headlights help the driver to have a clear vision of the road. This system also controls the automatic leveling of the lights, and even on the highways, it glows brighter for a clear vision. This can involve dimming or shading specific areas of the beam to prevent glare in the rearview mirrors of other vehicles.
The automotive safety feature is important to save the driver or the co-passengers from any damage. All the safety system works together to make a perfect stopping distance. Most in cases we found that accidents happen due to the lack of concentration of the driver. To eliminate this problem there are also sensors and alarms are used to stop this hazard.
That’s all for the article. If you like this article then please share it and ride your vehicle carefully. Thanks for reading “Automotive Safety | 10 Safety Features What You Need to Know Now”.